Managers often perceive „soft“ infrastructure (regulatory environment, government efficiency, etc.) as a greater and more sustainable influence on the operation of the business than „hard“ infrastructure (roads, communications, etc.). The seller covers all costs and risks up to the time the goods are delivered on board the ship, reflecting uncertainty about the continuation of current political and social conditions and government policy, which are decisive for the survival and profitability of the operation of a business. Counter-exchange is a form of reciprocal international trade in which goods or services are exchanged for other goods or services and not for hard currency. This type of international trade is more common in developing countries where foreign exchange or credit facilities are limited. Countertrade can be divided into three broad categories: barter, counter-purchase and offset. Under a counterparty agreement, the exporter sells goods or services to an importer and undertakes to purchase other products from the importer within a specified period of time. Unlike barter, exporters who engage in a countersastement transaction must use a trading company to sell the goods they buy and will not use the goods themselves. This practice is common in the aerospace, defence and some infrastructure sectors. Compensation is also more common for larger, more expensive items. A compensation agreement can also be called industrial participation or industrial cooperation. the document issued by a shipping company as proof of a contract for shipping the goods and ownership of the goods must know what types of entry are allowed, whether a host government can ask MNEs to implement projects in certain geographical areas in order to stimulate the regional economy, to verify the requirements for the location of content; Need to identify geographical restrictions on market width and evaluate exchange control measures In addition, the interaction of activities with different trade policies can also be useful for open market operations. .