Article 8 Of The Cotonou Partnership Agreement

with Nekomentované

These objectives and the international commitments of the parties are an integral part of all development strategies and are addressed by an integrated approach that takes into account the political, economic, social, cultural and environmental aspects of development. The partnership provides a coherent framework for the development strategies adopted by each ACP country. Following the WTO dispute, the EU had until 2007 to incorporate the Lomé agreements into WTO rules. The EU Green Paper highlighted several options for post-year 2000 trade agreements, including: (i) uniform trade agreements in relation to several trade agreements; (ii) differentiated and general trade agreements; (iii) reciprocal and non-reciprocal trade agreements; and (iv) the treaty (long-term, bilateral or multilateral security) towards a unilateral agreement (at the eu`s political discretion). The partnership focuses on the goal of reducing and finally eradicating poverty, in line with the goals of sustainable development and the gradual integration of ACP countries into the global economy. This gave rise to the Yaounde Agreements of 1963 and 1969, which served as the basis for cooperation between the new independent African states and the EEC. The Yaounde agreements were based on the final objective of the Treaty of Rome to expand trade and gave the EEC better access to AASM resources and markets. In comparison, many MSA countries remained too dependent on EU markets and continued to focus on exports of raw materials and raw materials. The Yaounde Accords have also been criticized for allowing France`s political and economic domination in French-speaking Africa, which continues to this day.

However, the agreements have allowed both access to aid and trade in the EU market on the basis of reciprocity. The Cotonou agreement introduces the idea of performance-based partnerships and forgoes „aid rights“ such as fixed endowments, regardless of delivery. REAFFIRMING their willingness to relaunch their special relationships and implement a comprehensive and integrated approach to a strengthened partnership based on political dialogue, development cooperation and economic and trade relations; Perhaps the most radical amendment introduced by the Cotonou Agreement concerns trade cooperation. Since the first Lomé Convention in 1975, the EU has not granted reciprocal trade preferences to ACP countries. However, under the Cotonou Agreement, this system has been replaced by the Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs), a new regime that came into force in 2008. The new regime provides for reciprocal trade agreements, which means that not only does the EU grant duty-free access to its ACP export markets, but also that ACP countries grant duty-free access to their own markets for EU exports. The Treaty of Rome, signed in 1957, created the European Economic Community (ECE). As a precondition for the signing of the treaty, France requested that the EEC establish reciprocal trade agreements with the associated African and Malagasy states (AASM, all former French colonies) and support their development efforts. Sustained economic growth, private sector development, increased employment and improved access to productive resources should be part of this framework.