Consequences Of The Munich Agreement

with Nekomentované

In the spring of 1938, Hitler openly began to support calls from German spokesmen living in the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia for closer relations with Germany. Hitler had recently annexed Austria to Germany and the conquest of Czechoslovakia was the next step in his plan to create a „Greater Germany“. The Czechoslovakian government hoped that Britain and France would help in the event of a German invasion, but British Prime Minister Chamberlain tried to avoid war. He made two trips to Germany in September and offered favorable agreements to Hitler, but Fuhrer responded to his demands. When Germany, France, Great Britain and Italy signed the Munich Agreement in the early hours of 30 September 1938, the Nazis recaptured the Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia, where ethnic Germans live mainly along the Czech border. The treaty also allowed Germany to retake Czechoslovakia, which they officially did on March 15, 1939. It should be noted that Czechoslovakia was not represented at the conference that decided the fate of that country. The agreement is later seen as a failed attempt to avoid a war with Nazi Germany. During the Second World War, British Prime Minister Churchill, who opposed the agreement when it was signed, decided not to abide by the terms of the post-war agreement and to bring the Sudetenland back to post-war Czechoslovakia. On 5 August 1942, Foreign Minister Anthony Eden sent to Jan Masaryk: after learning that populated territories from Poland were to be transferred to Germany, Poland gave the Czechoslovakian government a note regarding the immediate conclusion of an agreement that Polish territory should undoubtedly be occupied by Polish troops; An agreement on referendums is expected to follow in districts with a large proportion of the Polish population. [75] The Manchester Guardian covered every point of view in history, from the details of the agreement, Chamberlain, who appeared on the balcony of Buckingham Palace to the unease among other nations.

One editorial found that the sheet of paper he was waving on his return to Britain was almost worthless. London, FridayThe Munich agreement gives Hitler everything he wants (first), except to the extent that he may not be quite able to get it as quickly as he would have done under Godesberg`s full ultimatum. He will begin tomorrow the invasion of Czechoslovakia, as he threatened in his speech of 12 September. It is free to occupy all the regions where the Sudeten Germans are the majority, and this by leaps and bounds. We suffered a total and total defeat… You will find that Czechoslovakia will be involved in the Nazi regime in a period that can be measured in years, but in terms of months. We are in a first-line disaster… we have suffered a defeat without war, the consequences of which will take us far along our path… we have taken a terrible step in our history, when the whole balance of Europe is disfigured and the terrible words have been uttered for the moment against Western democracies: „You are balanced and you have found unwanted things“.

And don`t assume it`s the end.